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WEATHER 2000 is a long range weather forecasting and consulting firm based in New York City. For customized, site-specific medium and long range forecasts and research, please visit our Products and Services page. The following is an excerpt of research conducted by Weather 2000, Inc. For additional information visit our research page.

Looking for NYC Hurricane trivia and daily weather records? Access these and other normal weather statistics in the Original New York City Weather Calendar.



Historical Hurricanes1 Impacting New York Coast


YEAR2

DATE

NAME

LANDFALL LOCATION

CATEGORY AT LANDFALL

COMMENTS

2012

October 29th

"Superstorm Sandy"

Brigantine, NJ

85mph Post-Tropical

Devastating Mid-Atlantic coastal erosion. Record storm tide at Battery Park (11.28'). NJ state low pressure record (28.02").

2011

August 28th

"Tropical Storm Irene"

Coney Island, NY *

Tropical Storm

Heavy storm surge flooding & inland river flooding.

1999

September 16th

"Tropical Storm Floyd"

Jones Beach, NY

Tropical Storm

Over 1 foot of rain, heavy river flooding in NJ

1991

August 19th

"Hurricane Bob"

New Bedford, MA

Category 2

Passed East of LI; Bob spawned 2 tornadoes on LI

1985

September 27th

"Hurricane Gloria"

Jones Beach, NY

Category 2

Moderate wind damage and beach erosion

1976

August 10th

"Hurricane Belle"

Jones Beach, NY

Category 1

Rains worse than winds

1972

June 22nd

"Tropical Storm Agnes"

Western Long Island (likely Long Beach)

Tropical Storm

Known for devastating rains and floods in PA and upstate NY

1960

September 12th

"Hurricane Donna"

Eastern Long Island

Category 3

Brought Hurricane Winds from FL to ME

1954

September 10th

"Hurricane Edna

Cape Cod, MA

Category 1

Passed East of LI, but dumped over 9" of rain

1954

August 31st

"Hurricane Carol"

Eastern Long Island

Category 3

120 mph wind at Montauk Lighthouse

1944

September 15th

"Great Atlantic Hurricane"

Suffolk County

Category 1

2 Coast Guard Cutters & 1 Navy Destroyer sunk

1938

September 21st

"Long Island Express" or "The Great Hurricane of '38"

Suffolk County

Category 3

600 deaths; Shinnecock Inlet created

1916

July 21st

"Hurricane #2"

New Bedford, MA

Category 1

Passed East of LI; Reached Category 3 on July 18th

1903

September 16th

"Hurricane #4"

Atlantic City, NJ

Category 1

Up to 15" of rain in some Western New York City suburbs

1893

August 23rd/24th

"Hurricane #4"

Jamaica Bay near present day JFK Airport *

Category 1

Hog Island (near Rockaways) swept away forever

1869

September 8th

"Hurricane #6"

Narragansett, RI

Category 3

Passed East of LI; compact, intense storm, minimal damage

1858

September 16th

"Hurricane #3"

Central Long Island

Category 1

Little damage or impact; 28.87" barometer reading in Sag Harbor

1850

July 18-19th

Unnamed

North Carolina

Unknown

Coney Island Bath Houses demolished

1849

October 6th

Unnamed

Massachusetts

Unknown

Considerable structural damage in New York City

1846

November 13th

"Great Havana Hurricane of 1846"

Tampa, FL

Major Hurricane

Tracked inland; 100 yards of The Battery washed away

1825

June 4th

Unnamed

Charleston, SC

Unknown

Moved out to sea; "Trees prostrated" ships wrecked off New York coast

1821

September 3rd

"Norfolk and Long Island Hurricane"

Jamaica Bay near present day JFK Airport *

Likely a Category 3

Widespread flooding as far North as Canal Street

1815

September 23rd

"The Great September Gale"

Center Moriches, NY

Unknown

Montauk Lighthouse heavily damaged

1788

August 19th

Unnamed

New Jersey

Unknown

West side of Battery "almost laid in ruins"

1785

September 23rd

"The Equinoctial Storm"

North Carolina

Unknown

Large ships driven into Governor's Island

1693

October 29th

"The Great Storm of 1693"

Long Island

Unknown

Fire Island Cut broken through







Summary Statistics

Earliest calendar date of Hurricane on New York Coast

June 4th (1825)

Latest calendar date  of Hurricane on New York Coast

November 13th (1846)

Strongest Hurricane on New York Coast

"Long Island Express" (1938)




NOTES:

* Denotes landfall within the 5 boroughs of present-day New York City.

1Includes significant and notable Tropical Storms to impact the New York Coast.

2Data prior to 1851 not officially documented by the National Hurricane Center.


REFERENCES:

National Hurricane Center, Reanalysis Data, NOAA.

Ludlum, David M., Early American Hurricanes: 1492-1870, Boston: American Meteorological Society, 1963.


Updated through - April 9th, 2013


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